What is Communitarianism – Definition, Ethics, and Concept

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what is Communitarianism

As a doctrine or current of thought, Communitarianism affirms that the individual is not the main object or the one on which the rest of the social order revolves. Instead, the community gives it its personality, and that is above the individual.

What is Communitarianism?

In other words, Communitarianism is a current of thought that defends the community as the most important unit for the development of society. Society and the individual.

Thus, according to Communitarianism, the policies and efforts of social advancement must favor the community, not individual people.

 The conflict between Communitarianism and liberalism

 Communitarianism emerges as a current contrary to liberalism. The latter values ​​the individual, and his freedoms and choices, as something superior that the rest of society must abide by and respect.

For Communitarianism, all policies, efforts, and advances in any field must favor the community. They reject the liberal thesis that each person has to find their benefit since this would generate great inequalities among all people, and social, economic, and technological advances would not reach the whole of society.

Regarding the formation of the individual, Communitarianism maintains that the community provides him with an identity. When born in a certain place, uniform patterns are observed throughout life. The population that makes it up includes language, traditions, cultural gastronomy, religious tendencies, etc.

The individual does not build his personality from scratch but is strongly determined by the people around him. This questions the position of liberalism that the individual builds his identity based on his rational character.

Characteristics of Communitarianism

Based on its definition, we can affirm that Communitarianism has the following characteristics:

  • It sets the community above the individual.
  • The individual is profoundly social and cannot be understood without interaction with other human beings.
  • It was born as a criticism of the economic and social postulates of liberalism.
  • Approved policies must favor the common good, not individual interests.
  • The community is the one who determines the identity of the individual, not the individual himself.

 Communitarian ideologies

Many ideologies identify with this statement under the prism that Communitarianism defends the idea that the community is above the individual. The communitarians defend that the Condition cannot be neutral but must promote wellness.

All those ideologies are derived from Marxism. They believe that society is above the individual. This, until repressing all the ideas that go beyond what the masses consider desirable.

But not all communitarians agree, far from it, on this lack of individual rights. Ideologies like social democrat much of the personal sphere are respected, but social welfare is above the individual as long as it is accepted.

Communitarianism also appears in fascist ideology. This, since the community, the nation is the superior value by which wellbeing and consolidation must be provided and fight against any external threat.

Communitarianism and the economy

 Communitarianism favors promoting the common good, and economic measures favor this idea. Therefore, the economy must be interventionist.

 

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