Terrace Gardening in India | Roof Garden | Tips | How to Build

Terrace Gardening / Roof Top Gardening

Gardening is the best hobby that gives us relief from stress, it is also a good exercise for the body, but nowadays, due to the formation of significant buildings, we do not get space for gardening. City life gives us all the necessities required to lead an easy life, so people are attracted to the city.

Due to pollution and concrete buildings in the city, it isn’t easy to plant trees around our house due to roads made of cement, trees and plants give fresh air which makes our body and mind fresh.

We cannot go to a park or go out of town for fresh air in our busy life. Just think once and see what if you have a garden that gives you fresh air of flowers and a good exercise and fruits and some vegetables, but we make our house in such a way that around our house. 

Terrace gardening or rooftop gardening is a perfect idea Terrace is a place where you get good air, sunlight, and water in the rainy season which our terrace plants get; terrace gardening is not as expensive as you would have heard. Try terrace gardening once so that your family can go there and keep their body fresh.

With terrace gardening, you will grow your fruits and vegetables with your own hands, which will give you a good experience. Apart from this, rooftop gardening will also save your home from the heat; it is straightforward to make terrace gardening in which you can grow all kinds of fruits and vegetables. You need to give some time; gardening provides an excellent exercise to your body, reducing our stress and increasing the circulation of the body.

In terrace gardening, you can grow fruits/vegetables/flowers with containers to have a nice view that helps you feel fresh.

If you plan to start terrace gardening, this post will give you all the information about it; watch it till the end.

Things to do for terrace gardening

Terrace gardening is not very expensive. You can start by simply taking plants or seeds, containers/gardening devices, gardening soil, bio compost, etc., from the nursery.

Dedication: You need only one main thing for terrace gardening, and that is your dedication. How much time do you spend taking care of plants? Gardening does not require much work; you need to give at least 1 hour a day to take care of plants.

Designing Idea for Terrace Gardening

Container gardening or vertical gardening 

Raised bed gardening and compact containers should create a good space and simple design layout for 

wall mounted container to use.

For terrace gardening, you have to prepare the terrace well, in which waterproofing and draining system is the main thing. Through waterproofing, you can cover the gardening area through a tarpaulin sheet or find many such sheets that can do the work of waterproofing. After that, check the total capacity of the roof; if your roof can bear the reason of containers and beds or not, check whether the top of your house is made strong or not.

Apart from the tarp, you can also use a saucer, which prevents the water from spreading in the soil, decorate the garden well and then arrange for water.

Container and raised beds in terrace gardening

Raised Bed –

A raised bed is the best option for a gardening bed. This raised bed takes up a much larger area than a large container. The raised bed gives enough space for the roots of the plants to spread, which does not require much care for the plants and is good. arise from

Raised beds do not take up much space; they can be kept from the ceiling walls. These raised beds are expensive, but the yield of plants in raised beds is much higher than that of container-grown plants. A raised bed is usually made of metal or wood. You can also make a permanent raised bed with cement and concrete.

Raised beds are also available in nursery stores, hardware stores, and online shops, where you can get them made according to the space of your terrace.

Always raised beds should be kept slightly above to avoid water leakage from the root; in raised beds, the water in the soil dries up quickly, so water should be kept in it at all times.

Integrated patch for terrace gardening

Integrated patches are used to grow vegetables on the terrace. These patches help to grow plants on the roof surface itself. These integrated patches are like regular garden beds for large terraces. Use organic compost as well as garden soil to grow plants in integrated patches.

Container for terrace gardening

Containers are the best option for terrace gardening. You can use containers of any size for terrace gardening.

It would help if you did not take a plastic container because there is a high risk of breaking it due to excessive heat.

Use wooden, metal, clay, or terracotta containers, apart from old paint boxes, vegetable or fruit boxes, used glass or plastic bottles, sandboxes, oil containers, etc.

Grow bags, garbage bags, sugar bags, rice, or wheat sacks can grow plants.

The size of the container should be selected based on the size and growth of the plant.

All containers should have 2-3 drainage holes. Cover the drain hole with a small net to prevent soil seepage and cover the bottom layer of the container with gravel to avoid water clogging.

Sandbox: The sandbox used for children’s play is the best container to use in a terrace garden. Sandboxes are used for growing leaf vegetable patches. Sandboxes give plants ample space to thrive.

Vertical Growing in Terrace Gardening

To increase the space for gardening, use the walls that extend upwards on the terrace walls, thereby enhancing the beauty of the vertical gardening terrace.

Use pre-designed stands, pot holders, hangers, and hanging parts for vertical gardening.

If you have such a wall, then you can also make a plan to do vertical gardening.

In vertical gardening, you can grow shrubs and vine vegetables like beans, gourds, karela, etc. The walls of the vines get good support and also save a lot of space.

You can also use hanging pots or railings on the walls to grow bush plants to grow on walls quickly.

Hanging parts and stands, pot holders are readily available in online stores and nurseries.

Prepare the layout for terrace gardening.

Keeping in view the requirements of heat and light, the back design should be prepared according to the area of ​​your garden.

Place the plants according to their resistant sun. Plant the spreading plants in a less windy and shady area.

Keep the containers in a convenient location so you can water them easily.

The layout does your job of placing the container.

Soil requirement for terrace gardening

Soil plays a vital role in healthy plant growth; never choose chemically mixed soil; otherwise, it can affect yield. The use of soil should provide all the nutrients for the proper development of plants. For terrace gardening, a Premium potting mix is ​​recommended for pot gardening. Compost should be mixed with river or sand manure in the soil; using average soil will not prove good for you on terrace gardening.

Most of the plants grow in the potting mix; some plants require different types of soil like lime, and citrus plants need more acidic soil, so the soil types should be changed according to the needs of the plants.

If you want to buy potting mix soil from the nursery, if you find it expensive, then you can prepare it yourself; you will need just the necessary ingredients so that you will be able to prepare the mixture at home.

  • Preparation of homemade potting mix for terrace gardening.
  • First of all, red soil without chemicals should be taken.
  • Which you mix with neem cake and cow dung
  • Your potting mix will be ready by mixing it well with river sand, vermicompost, and coconut husks to enhance the draining system.
  • Creating a low soil potting mix for terrace gardening

Take coco pit, red sand, and vermicompost in equal parts; after that, keep potting mix, 3 weeks before transplanting it should be kept in the open air; before putting it in containers, organic manure should be added in this way without soil Mix potting can be prepared.

Water requirement for terrace gardening.

For terrace gardening, your garden should have a water source such as a tap.

The watering kettle should have a jug, or you can buy it online or use a pipe to water the roof plants.

You can also pour water into the plants by using a bucket, mug to give water, but you may find it challenging to travel again and again.

Water cans should be used for watering the plants.

If you have difficulty giving water daily, then adopt the method of drip irrigation.

Online you will find many types of watering systems which you can also use.

Try to give the plants clean water, and water free from chlorine should be given to the plants.

Seeds and plantations for terrace gardening

You can get your seed or plant by going to the nursery; you can also order your favorite plants online.

Buy only good-quality organic seeds as the growth of plants depends on the quality of the sources.

The sowing process should be done according to the instructions given in the label on the cover of the seed.

Some seeds are grown from seed trays, and only then should they be sown in containers.

The seed should be taken care of regularly until it germinates.

Choose such seeds in which the weather and climatic conditions are suitable for the plants to grow.

Seeds of some plants do not increase in the roof; such sources should be taken only after germination in the nursery.

Some plants are grown directly from cuttings; you can also grow them by asking your neighbor or friend instead of buying.

Start with a small number of easy-to-grow plants so that you can increase the number from time to time.

Plants that grow in containers and beds need regular fertilizer, significantly as they are growing.

Chemical fertilizers should not be used; only organic fertilizers and fertilizers should be used.

He should use light liquid fertilizer.

Natural fertilizers such as vegetable manure, fruit manure, or tea manure can be used as good manure.

After every 6 months, cow dung should be mixed with the soil.

Dung or poultry manure can give an uncomfortable smell for a few days.

When gardening for the first time, you have to keep in mind the use of insecticides because if you do not take good care, then pests can attack.

Pesticides should be used only to treat pests, but chemicals should never be used for natural fruits.

Make natural pesticide powder at your own home.

Treating common pests, ginger oil, antiseptic spray, neem oil, etc., comes under natural pesticides.

If some plants are affected by pests and diseases, they should be kept isolated as spreading it is higher in terrace gardens.

Water harvesting terrace gardening

 Rainwater is a good source of nitrogen for plants.

Keep a large container or bucket to collect rainwater; then, you can use the collected water for plants.

Garden cover and wind barrier in terrace gardening

In more summer and more winter, you need to provide shade for the plants

Some plants can tolerate the heat, but some cannot take the afternoon heat, for which garden covers are used. A light UV-resistant cover should be used.

But garden covers are expensive; for this, you can use net shading.

But if you are troubled by the lack of budget, you can cover only a few areas that cannot withstand much heat.

Garden cover should be used to protect the plants from extreme cold in winter.

Wind Barrier: The biggest problem of the roof garden is strong winds which can damage tree vines as well as break new stems, so you may need to install a wind barrier, but this wind barrier They are costly, so you will have to use strong rods to avoid this.

Plant protection from birds in terrace gardening

The plants on the terrace should be protected from birds, animals like rats, squirrels.

The fruits of the plants that have been given fruit should be protected from damage to other plants; for example, the plant should be covered with wire or mesh.

Necessary steps should be taken to avoid rats and squirrels so as not to damage the roots of the raised bed.

Best Plants for Terrace Gardening | What Plants to Grow in the Terrace Garden

Terrace Garden Vegetable: With medium-sized pots or soil raised beds for all needs you can grow all the vegetables in the terrace garden like tomatoes, carrots, onions, potatoes, capsicums, cucumbers, brinjals can be quickly grown is | But all those vegetables require regular care such as pruning, watering, and fertilizers every week.

Fruit Trees for Terrace Gardens: Orange, Guava, Lemon, Papaya, Mango, Sapodilla are the best dwarf tree varieties for terrace gardening.

Gardening of flowering plants for terrace: Flowering plants like rose, marigold, lily, jasmine can be grown.

Herbs for terrace gardening: The herbs quickly grown in our terrace garden include mint, basil, curry leaves, ajwain, cilantro, garlic suitable for terrace gardening.

Plants for Vertical Gardening: Boston Fern, Bird’s Nest Fern, Rabbit Foot Fern, Lipstick Plants, Baby Tears, etc. Peas, cucumber, pole beans, pumpkin, etc., can also be grown for a vertical garden.

Benefits of terrace/roof gardening

This garden is your own; you can use it whenever you want and get good vegetables.

The lush green plants on the terrace keep your home cool.

Terrace plants help in reducing carbon monoxide, and at the same time, it is also eco-friendly.

Terrace gardening or rooftop gardening does not require much maintenance.

Plants on the roof get direct sunlight so that you get to eat healthy vegetables.

Your home looks more beautiful with terrace gardening, which is very attractive.

You can also do water harvesting for your growing plants.

Terrace gardening also acts as a stress booster.

By doing terrace gardening, you do not have to go to the market, which reduces your expenses to some extent.

Terrace Gardening Tips 

You can choose a good theme for terrace gardening, in which you can make your terrace more attractive by choosing plants according to the design.

When you are growing plants on the roof for the first time, do not try to grow more plants at once; comfortably, try to arrange your terrace according to the requirements of the heat and climate.

Initially, you will not be successful, so you have to be ready to fight with the situation; you may have to deal with the problems of the quantity of water, compost, etc.

Wear gloves when working in your garden.

Many pesticides can attack plants; to avoid this, use organic fertilizers and pesticides.

To avoid growing pests, access the Internet in advance to make it easier for you to deal with problems.

Selecting the soil can be a challenging task as the soil itself supplies the essential nutrients. Use vermicompost manure to make the soil fertile and well dry.

After the rainy season, add some organic fertilizers with essential nutrients as the rainwater washes away the soil’s nutrients.

Water should be given regularly for terrace gardening. In summer, water the plants twice as much as you remember.

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