Strawberries are also tasty in food, and the strawberry flavour is also given in many ice creams. Strawberry fruit is very soft and delicious. It is a fruit grown in a cold area, but today it can be planted in any room with many technical facilities.
Strawberry Farming in India
Strawberry farming has been included in profitable fields today. It is farming done with and without the help of Polly House. Today, in this article, we will teach you how to cultivate strawberries, how much they can cost and how to earn a profit. That is, we will include all the information related to strawberry cultivation in this article so that you do not have any confusions.
Let’s read what strawberry is and how to cultivate it –
Information about strawberries
Before knowing about strawberry cultivation, we need to know how many varieties are present and the best combination. If we talk about types of strawberries, 600 species have been identified so far. But the species used mainly for farming are few. Whom we are talking about.
Species of strawberry
Here we will talk about 4 main species of strawberries, this species you can use in the fields. If you are thinking about cultivating strawberries, you can plant any of these species in your field. These species are as follows –
Camrose: It is a variety made in California; it is a very quick-growing strawberry species. Its fruits are excellent and very good in taste. Plants of this species live for a long time.
Oso Grand – This is also a variety made in California, its fruits are pretty large, but these fruits do not serve long. But if you want more fruit quickly, you can plant this type of strawberry plant.
Ophra: This is a variety made in Israel; you can cultivate it ahead of time; it is an early cultivator. Its fruits and aroma are fantastic.
Chandler – If you want lovely and good fruit, then find strawberry plants of this species. These plants are resistant to disease and are rich in long-lasting fruit-bearing plants. Plants of this species are the most grown in California.
Strawberry Cultivation in India
Strawberries are cultivated mainly in cold areas like Himachal. Today, time and technology have changed a lot; now, you can cultivate it in any area of India. Yes, to cultivate strawberries, you have to work hard and take care of many things. Otherwise, this business can become risky for you. Next, we are going to tell you what we need to do to cultivate strawberries.
Get farm soil tested.
To cultivate strawberries, it is best to get your farm soil tested because we should know whether the plants we are bringing for planting will be planted in your field or not. For this, you will have to contact the soil testers and get the soil your field-tested. It is essential to have a temperature of 18 to 30 for cultivating strawberries.
Soils with pH 5.0 to PH 6.5 are considered suitable for strawberry cultivation, and if the soil of your farm completes its test, you can quickly grow strawberries. With this, if the field has loamy loam soil, then the yield of strawberries in your area will double.
How much does strawberry farming cost, and how much is the profit?
If we talk about how much it will cost to grow strawberries, then in all, an acre can cost you three to four lakh rupees. It also includes plant rates, irrigation, poly houses and pesticides. If you cultivate it in one acre, you can yield up to 15 lakh rupees from it.
Where can I buy strawberry plants?
You can easily find strawberry plants in India in Himachal, Uttarakhand and Punjab.
When should we plant strawberries?
If you want to cultivate strawberries, you can plant strawberry plants in your field from September 10 to October 15. This is the perfect time to plant strawberries.
Preparation in the field before planting strawberry plant
Before planting strawberry plants in the area, you have to prepare your farm in this way –
In the first week of September, ploughing should be done well three times in the field.
If there is an acre of field, then 75 tonnes of well rotten manure should be added.
Potash and phosphorus can be mixed according to the soil.
What should be the area in the field for the cultivation of strawberries
It should be raised 25 – 30 centimetres high from the ground.
Their width should be 100 to 130 cm.
There should be a gap of 40 to 60 centimetres between the two beds.
Proper place should be made for installing drip irrigation equipment.
How to irrigate strawberries
If you have planted strawberry plants and are not irrigating them properly, you may have to face trouble. Therefore, you should irrigate the proper method of irrigation in this way –
Irrigation should be done immediately after planting the plant.
Irrigation should be done from time to time, keeping in mind the moisture.
When strawberry fruits start coming, then irrigate with the help of micro-fountains.
When the fruit comes, use the drip irrigation method.
How to protect strawberry plants from diseases
Strawberries can cause many diseases like – leaf flattening, crispy mildew, leaf blight and rot. Therefore, after identifying the disease correctly, spray the insecticide with the advice of an agricultural scientist.
How to protect strawberry plants from winter if there is no Polly house?
As we have mentioned above, strawberries can also be cultivated without Polly house and Polly house. If the Polly House is already built, then there is little chance of the plants getting cold, i.e. frost. But if it is not there, then to avoid frost, you should use a low plastic tunnel. The plastic should be transparent and should be 100 to 200 microns.
How much does the government help with strawberry farming?
As of today, the Indian government is encouraging farmers to take on agriculture. If you cultivate strawberries, you can get information by going to the agriculture department of your state. In almost all the states, the government gives a grant of 40 to 60 per cent. Contact the Department of Agriculture for more information.
When should you chop strawberry fruit?
The Strawberry plant gives fruit continuously for 6-7 months. You can get about 700 to 800 grams of strawberries from a plant in one season. Now, let’s talk about what is the proper method to break it –
You can break the fruit when the fruit starts to turn completely red.
If you send it too far, it can be broken even before it becomes red.
If you break the red fruit completely, it will be perfect for you, but it ends very soon after becoming completely red.
Do not break fruit together.
The fruit branch should be cut, do not forget to touch the fruit.
How should the packing of strawberry fruit be
To keep strawberries properly, you should pack them on a plastic plate. They should also have holes to let air in them so that the temperature can be controlled. If you are storing strawberries together, you have to keep the temperature at 5 ° C and one day at 0 ° C.
Where and how we can sell strawberry fruit, and at what price?
Every year, the prices of strawberries are increasing every month, earlier they were sold at the rate of 200 rupees kg, but now it has grown to 600 rupees. But if you are doing farming, then you can quickly sell them for up to 300 rupees.
You do not need to find buyers. As soon as the fruits start, you will also have buyers. If buyers do not come, then you can quickly sell them in your local market. It is a highly sold fruit, and its health benefits are also very high.
How much risk is there in strawberry farming?
There is risk in any business, but if I talk about how much trouble is there in strawberry farming, it depends on how you will do this farming. If you want to do this farming at low risk, you can take the government’s help because many types of insurance etc. will be given to you by the Agriculture Department. If you profit from this, you can earn 12 to 15 lakhs by applying only 3 to 5 lakh rupees.
If you want to make farming your business, then you must do strawberry farming. We have given information about how this farming is done here in this article. If you want any more information related to this farming, then you can comment here. We will answer your questions soon.
Q: How much money do we get for a strawberry plant?
Ans: 3 to 15 rupees per plant.
Q: How long does strawberry cultivation last?
Ans: 7 to 8 months.
Q: How much land should be there for its cultivation?
Ans: You can cultivate it on as much land as you want. You can start your business with only 15 plants.
Q: Where is its cultivation in India?
Ans: It is being cultivated in the states of Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Kashmir Valley, Maharashtra, Kalimpong, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Delhi, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Bihar etc.
Q: How much can we earn after farming in one acre?
Ans: 10 to 12 lakhs can be quickly earned.
Q: How long does strawberry cultivation last?
Ans: It lasts for about 7 months, from September to April.