NIPUN Bharat Mission | New Guidelines PDF

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NIPUN Bharat Mission

As you all know, the new education policy was started in 2020. The government is making various efforts to make it operational. Nipun Bharat Misson has been launched to implement the new education policy successfully. Through this scheme, basic literacy and numeracy knowledge will be passed on to the students. We will provide you with all the essential information related to Nipun Bharat Yojana through this article. By reading this article, you will get information related to the introduction, implementation process, objectives, features, etc., of this scheme. So dear readers, if you want to get all the essential information related to NIPUN Bharat and want to take advantage of this scheme, you have to read our article carefully.

NIPUN Bharat Mission 2021-2022

Table of Contents

The Ministry of Education launched Nipun Bharat Mission on 5th July 2021. The full name of this scheme is National Initiative for Proficiency in Reading with Understanding and Numeracy. An enabling environment will be created through this scheme. Through this, basic literacy and knowledge of numeracy can be imparted to the students. Through the Nipun Yojana, every child will be given the ability to learn reading, writing, and arithmetic by the end of third grade by 2026-27. The scheme will be implemented by the Department of School Education and Literacy.

This NIPUN Bharat school education program will be a part of Samagra Shiksha. This 5-tier system will be operated at the National-State-District-Block-School level. This scheme has been launched to implement the National Education Policy 2020 successfully.

NIPUN Bharat Mission

What are Basic Literacy and Numeracy?

Basic literacy and numeracy are the skills and strategies students can read, write, speak and interpret. Basic literacy forms the basis for obtaining education in the future. All children who acquire basic literacy and numeracy skills by class three find it easier to read the curriculum for subsequent classes. Keeping this in mind, the Nipun Bharat scheme has been launched by the Ministry of Education. Through NIPUN Bharat, basic literacy and numeracy will be developed for the third-grade students. So that in the coming time, they do not have to face any obstacles in getting an education. Apart from this, the following areas will also be taken care of under the Nipun Yojana.

  • school education
  • teacher capacity building
  • Development of high quality and diverse student and teacher resources/learning materials
  • Monitoring the progress of children towards education etc.
NIPUN Bharat Mission
Scheme name Skillful India
Type of plan Central Government Scheme
Start date 5 July 2021
Official website https://www.education.gov.in/en
Nipun Bharat Guidelines click this

Basic Literacy and Types of Numeracy

Basic Language and Literacy

  • oral language development
  • phonetic awareness
  • decoding
  • Glossary
  • reading comprehension
  • reading flow
  • concept of print
  • writing
  • culture of reading

Basic Numeracy and Math Skills

  • Prior Number Concepts
  • Number and Operation on Number
  • mathematical techniques
  • Measurement
  • size and local society
  • pattern

The objective of the Nipun Bharat Mission Yojana

The main objective of the Nipun Bharat Yojana is to develop basic literacy and numerical knowledge among students. Through this scheme, by the year 2026-27, the student will get the ability to learn reading, writing, and arithmetic by the end of third grade. This scheme will prove to be very effective for the development of the children. Through Nipun Bharat Yojana, children will now be able to acquire basic literacy and numeracy knowledge in time so that their mental and physical development will occur. The Department of Education and Literacy will administer NIPUN Bharat. This scheme will be a part of the school education program Samagra Shiksha. This scheme was started under the new education policy. Through Nipun Bharat Yojana, children will also understand the logic of the field of numbers, measures, and sizes.

Implementation of Skilled India

To achieve the target of the Nipun Bharat Mission Scheme by 2026-27, different targets will be set at the state level. The Nodal Department will monitor the progress of all these targets. Apart from this, financial and technical assistance will also be provided to the state under Samagra Shiksha to implement this scheme. The states and union territories will make plans to achieve their goals so that the target of basic literacy and numeracy can be achieved by 2026-27. The scheme’s activities will be monitored through IT-based resources at the national, state, and district levels. This will also include monitoring of children at the field level. Further, the monitoring framework proposed under this scheme is divided into two types: an annual surveillance survey and concurrent monitoring.

A Pedagogical approach to improving students’ basic literacy and numeracy

Focus on Student Learning:-

Many students in our country are first-generation learners. It is difficult for all such students to get an education. Because they cannot get an education environment at home, that is why teachers need to pay extra attention to the students. While imparting education by the teacher, it is necessary to pay attention to the following points.

  • Showing respect and reasonable expectations from boys and girls.
  • Select books, pictures, posters, toys, etc., free from gender discrimination.
  • Teachers should not attempt to make gender-biased statements while talking in the classroom.
  • Selecting stories and poems in which girls and boys are presented in common roles.
  • Encouraging the learners to follow their interests.

School Module:

School plays a vital role in ensuring the quality and equity of education. The student should have minimum skills and knowledge to send to the school. A 3-month school preparation module has been kept under the National Education Policy. Through this, children will be able to get pre-school education and will also be able to prepare themselves for going to school.

Learning Assessment:

The student learns different types of new things through education. So that the physical and mental development of the children takes place. Assessment is done to assess this development. So that the student’s success can be tracked. A variety of techniques are used to make this assessment. So that the student’s interests and preferences can be identified, apart from this, by assessing the children’s performance, they can be prepared through intervention. It can also be ensured that the children are not facing any difficulties in learning. By identifying such difficulties, those difficulties can be overcome.

Parts of the Nipun Bharat Scheme

Nipun Bharat Yojana has been divided into 17 parts by the government. This part is something like this.

  • introduction
  • Understanding Basic Language and Literacy
  • Basic Numeracy and Math Skills
  • Shifting to Competency-Based Education
  • Education and Learning: Focus on Children’s Potential and Development
  • learning assessment
  • Teaching-Learning Process: Role of Teacher
  • school preparation
  • National Mission: Aspects and Approach
  • mission strategic plan
  • Role of various stakeholders in mission implementation
  • Academic Literature through SCERT and DIET
  • DIKSHA/NDEAR: Leverage: A repository of digital resources
  • parent and community engagement
  • Monitoring and Information Technology Framework
  • Mission Sustainability
  • Need for Research, Evaluation, and Documentation
NIPUN Bharat

Introduction to Nipun Bharat Scheme

The government has successfully launched this scheme to implement the National Education Policy 2020. Through this scheme, attention will be given to basic literacy and numeracy. So that by the year 2026-27, every child can have the ability to learn reading, writing, and arithmetic by the end of third grade. For the implementation of NIPUN Bharat, a 5-tier system will be established in all the States and Union Territories. This 5 women’s system will be operated at the international-state-district-block-school level. The Ministry of Education will operate the scheme. The full name of Nipun Yojana is National Initiative for Proficiency in Reading with Understanding and Numeracy.

National Scenario of Nipun Bharat Scheme

  • pay attention to education
  • focus on the quality of education
  • Attention to the magnitude of children’s learning
  • Measuring the Achievement of Learning Quantities

National Mission on Basic Literacy and Numeracy

To maintain the quality of education and achieve the goal of basic literacy, it has been decided to set up a National Mission on Basic Literacy and Numeracy under National Education Policy and Antarnirbhar Bharat Campaign. The objective of this mission will be achieved by 2026-27. Basic literacy and numeracy knowledge will be imparted to every child by the end of Grade 3. Every effort will achieve this national target at all district levels. Children in the age group of 3 to 9 years will be covered under this mission. This mission will be conducted under Samagra Shiksha.

Understanding of primary language and literacy under the Nipun Bharat scheme

Children need to have an understanding of primary language and literacy. Through this, he will be able to get a better education in the future. NCERT conducted a survey. Through which it was found that children cannot read and understand the text even after getting education till the fifth standard. Keeping this in mind, it has been decided to focus on understanding primary language and literacy under Nipun Bharat Yojana. So that children can understand and get an education in the coming time, the quality of education will also improve through this scheme.

Basic Language and Literacy Requirement

  • To develop a strong foundation of language, literacy, and mathematical skills in the early years for better education in the future.
  • Early literacy development has a vital role in the students’ brain development.
  • Under the Mathura Pilot Project findings, children could read with comprehension after providing them with primary language and literacy.
  • 85% of children’s brain development occurs by the age of 6 years, due to which it is essential to provide them with early primary language and literacy.

Primary Language and Literacy

Language is more than just speaking, listening, reading, and writing. A person can communicate and make sense of the thought world through language. Students need to have an understanding of the language at the elementary level. To understand the language, it is crucial to understand the following part.

  • reading and writing comprehension
  • concept of writing in class
  • Developing writing skills through Emergent Writing, Conventional Writing, and Writing Composition during the period of elementary education

Essential Components of Language and Literacy

  • oral language development
  • reading comprehension
  • concept of print
  • writing
  • Glossary
  • Awareness through Bhavani
  • decoding
  • reading effect
  • reading culture

Some important steps to enhance language and literacy development

  • Creating a Print Prosperity Environment
  • read aloud
  • Listening, Telling, and Writing Stories and Poems
  • Songs and Rhymes
  • sharing experience
  • Drama and Role Play
  • picture reading
  • share trading
  • using classroom walls
  • experience writing
  • mid-day meal

Basic numeracy and math skills

Basic numeracy and math skills mean the ability to reason and apply the concept of numeracy to solve problems in daily life. Number sense and local understanding develop in students when they acquire the following skills.

  • understanding of quantities
  • develop an understanding of more or less and smaller or larger
  • Ability to establish relationships between a single object and a group of objects
  • Using copies representing quantities
  • comparing numbers etc.

Elementary math skills are required.

  • To develop logical thinking and reasoning in daily life
  • Use of numbers and spatial understanding in daily life
  • Significance of Mathematical Foundations during the Early Years
  • Contribution of basic numeracy in employment and at the household level

Significant Components of Elementary Mathematics

  • free number concepts
  • Number and Operation on Number
  • size and spatial understanding
  • measurement
  • pattern
  • data storage
  • mathematical communication

The educational process enhances fundamental mathematical skills.

  • co-education
  • understanding children’s mistakes
  • enjoy maths
  • to communicate mathematically
  • linking mathematics with other subjects
  • linking maths with daily life etc.

Shifting to Competency-Based Education

Statements that describe knowledge, skills, and attitudes are called competency-based learning. The competency-based transfer allows the student to know at the end of a particular assignment, class, course, or program how they will benefit from their acquired skills. Through a combination of knowledge, skills, attitudes, and values, ​​those competencies can be created, which proves helpful in developing the students. Through competency-based education, those essential competencies can be achieved, which can be measured through the degree of learning.

Features of Competency-Based Education

  • Children will get unique experiences through competency-based education.
  • Precise and measurable amounts of learning can be achieved through competency-based learning.
  • In competency-based education, it is through formative assessment to find out where the student is facing difficulties getting an education.
  • Critical thinking and problem-solving approach can also be developed through competency-based education.

Education and Learning: Focus on Children’s Potential and Development

Children have a saved curiosity and curiosity to know about their environment. That is why they must be provided with rich experience through well-planned activities at the age of 3 to 9 years: those who develop communication skills, critical thinking, problem-solving, and society about themselves. Educational practices should be developed with children in mind. This should include numeracy, social sense, language and literacy, psychomotor, and creativity development.

Major aspects and components of education and learning process

  • Content
  • learning environment
  • planning in advance
  • Methods of adoption of age- and developmentally appropriate educational practices
  • The suggested educational process for the achievement of families of learning
    • Academic practice
    • planning activities
    • Enabling environment provided by teachers
    • various learning facilities

Teaching-learning material (in the local context)

The teacher can use a variety of toys, games, and other educational play materials to develop the children’s learning capacity. All these toys will be kept on inaccessible open shelves so that children can quickly learn through these toys. Each classroom should have a mini-library. The teacher will develop the toys and educational games according to the developmental concepts, and the teachers will plan their monthly, weekly, and daily reading using indigenous toys and materials.

Linkage of FLY-1 and FLY-6

  • Basic literacy and numeracy activities will be linked to the degree of learning.
  • Basic learning resources will be followed at each level.
  • Teachers will be made skilled in using assessment techniques.
  • Education will be improved using a variety of technologies.

learning assessment

Through assessment, information is collected from all possible sources related to children, such as children’s knowledge skills, attitudes, abilities, and beliefs. This information is used to enhance the learning ability of the children. Through assessment, teachers also get help in understanding the nature of children. Teachers get to know how they can expand the learning capacity of children. Apart from this, it can also be found out which subjects the children are good at, and information related to their skills can also be obtained through learning assessment.

Assessment during the Foundational Years

  • school-based assessment
  • Large Scale Achievement Survey

school-based assessment

In School-Based Assessment, assessment tasks are prepared by the teacher himself. The examination conducted at the state and national level cannot be taken in place of school-based assessment. School-based assessments are conducted every year and several times a year. The decision is made to send the students to the next class. If a student cannot get passing marks in the class, he is not sent to the next class. The government has decided to make school-based assessments stress-free. A variety of techniques will be used to conduct school-based assessments.

the goal of school-based assessment

  • children’s health
    • physical development
    • exercise and sports
    • aspects of cleanliness
    • arranging objects, toys, etc.
    • Children’s social and emotional progress etc.
  • making children effective communicators
    • Under School-Based Assessment, making children’s mother tongue the language of the communicator so that they can put their point in front of the communicator.
    • Deputy Commissioner for Language and Basic Literacy Demonstration
    • development of laughter
    • importance of non-verbal communication
  • Making children involved learners
    • encourage making stories
    • Giving children a variety of projects and tasks
    • Providing a chance to understand the physical environment
    • portfolio
    • Manufacture of audio-visual tools for assessment
    • development of question bank etc.

Teaching Learning Process: Role of Teacher

Teachers play a vital role in the life of the students. Good education is provided to the children by the teachers. So that becomes their future. Keeping this in mind, the role of teachers has also been emphasized under the New Education Policy 2020. The teachers have suggested various types of changes to bring in their nature. So that he can understand the children better, apart from this, many types of technology have been described in the new education policy. Through this, teachers will be able to understand the children and provide them with a better education. The children are motivated and guided by the teachers.

capacity building of teachers

  • through counseling in the early years
  • through elementary arithmetic
  • through the society of basic learners
  • through early language and literacy
  • through assessment in the early years
  • Promote the role of parents and community in basic literacy and numeracy etc.
  • Identifying children with special needs in the early years

National Mission: Aspects and Approach

The National Mission on Basic Literacy and Numeracy is to provide universal basic literacy and numeracy education to students up to Class III by 2026-27. So that children can be proficient in reading, writing, and maths at grade level, through this mission, all children from 3 to 9 years will be provided basic literacy and numeracy knowledge until the third grade. Every child will be provided with an excellent environment to get the best education. This mission will be operated under the National Education Policy 2020.

Administrative transmission of the National Mission

  • National Mission- Department of School Education and Literacy and the Ministry of Education will conduct this scheme at the state level. Many types of work will be done under the National Mission, such as creating a strategy document of the mission, creating a framework, preparing a learning matrix, identifying learning gaps, enhancing the capacity of teachers, etc.
  • State Mission- Under this scheme, the State Mission will be operated under the Department of School Education. For which 1 State Steering Committee will be constituted. The Secretary will head this committee. This committee will approve the implementation process to run this scheme at the state level.
  • District Mission- District Steering Committee will be constituted for the operation of this scheme. Which will be headed by the District Magistrate or the Deputy Commissioner. The members of this committee will be the CEO, Zilla Parishad, District Education Officer, District Officer for Health, Panchayati Raj Social Welfare Officer, etc. The District Steering Committee will prepare a plan to operate this scheme at the district level.
  • Block / Cluster Level Mission – The complete scheme will also be implemented at the block level. The guidance and support of this scheme will be provided by the Block Education Officer and Block Resource Person. Apart from this, the Block Officer will monitor the success of this scheme.
  • School Management Committee and Community Participation- The final level of administrative operation for implementing the complete plan is the School Management Committee and Community Participation. This scheme will be implemented by spreading awareness at the school and community levels. So that the parents, education, and the entire school management of the children can successfully conduct this scheme.

Stakeholders of the Nipun Bharat Scheme

  • States and Union Territories
  • National council of educational research and training
  • Central Board of Secondary Education
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan
  • State Council of Educational Research and Training
  • District Institute of Education and Training
  • District Education Officer & Block Education Officer
  • Block Resource Center and Cluster Resource Center
  • headteacher
  • Non-government Organization
  • civil society organizations
  • school management committee
  • Volunteer
  • community and parents
  • private school

Educational support through SCERTs and DIETs

Under the FLN mission, SCERT will take up the responsibility of developing the teacher training module. Apart from this, all teacher training modules will be available in the local language. Some other learning material will be provided for classes 1 to 5, which will be joyful and enjoyable for the children. On the other hand, each DIET will develop an academic resource pool consisting of teachers, district education planners, and faculty from the education departments of universities. Many other steps will be taken under this scheme through which educational assistance will be provided.

Diksha: Digital Content

Diksha portal has also been started under Nipun Bharat Yojana. E-content will be made available through Diksha Portal in the local language. This e-content will be available to both teachers and students. NCERT will prepare the content available on Diksha Portal. Many teacher training institutions for teachers will also be available on the Diksha platform. Such as training modules, aids for training sessions, videos, reading resources, teacher manuals, etc. The Diksha Platform can also be operated through the App. The Education Department will soon launch the Diksha app on Google Play Store and Apple App Store.

use of the initiation platform

  • define training objectives
  • take advantage of available contacts
  • Onboarding of teachers
  • Providing training to state aid teams
  • communication and outreach

digital content for literacy

Basic literacy can be achieved by using the following types of material on the Diksha platform.

  • reading with typing
  • through the grammar question bank
  • reading comprehension
  • Availability of Children’s Literature

parent and community engagement

Parents and the entire community will play a vital role in successfully implementing the Nipun Bharat Yojana. About 80% of the time, children are at home. In such a situation, the ability of children to learn is developed at home more than at school. The schools will make efforts to connect the parents of the children with the children’s education. Various steps will be taken for this. Such as organizing various programs in the school in which parents are called, connecting parents with children’s studies through email, WhatsApp, etc., and giving home assignments to children so that parents can get this information from time to time. But you will continue to receive what the children are studying, how they are studying etc.

Different ways of connecting family and community

  • running a variety of programs
  • parent-teacher meeting
  • Regular activities can also be done in the community
  • Arrangement of a workshop on parenting
  • Constantly sending parents information about school activities and the progress of the child.
  • give assignments
  • Providing information about children’s progress to parents through email, WhatsApp, etc.

Monitoring and Information Technology Framework

To achieve the target of the Nipun Bharat Yojana by 2026-27, different targets will be set at the state level. The Nodal Department will monitor the progress of all these targets. Apart from this, financial and technical assistance will also be provided to the state under Samagra Shiksha to implement this scheme. The states and union territories will make plans to achieve their goals so that the target of basic literacy and numeracy can be achieved by 2026-27. The scheme’s activities will be monitored through IT-based resources at the national, state, and district levels. This will also include monitoring of children at the field level. Further, the monitoring framework proposed under this scheme is divided into two types, which are annual surveillance surveys and concurrent monitoring.

Need for Research, Evaluation, and Documentation

Research, evaluation, and documentation play a significant role in implementing the plan. Through research, what kind of efforts need to be made to improve education is known. Through evaluation, it is known how successful the steps taken to implement this scheme were, and all the evidence is recorded from the documentation. Research, evaluation, and documentation are an integral part of the scheme. Research and evaluation can be done at national, state, district, block, and school levels. Different techniques can be used like action research, process evaluation, impact evaluation, etc.