What is the Difference Between CBSE and SSC?

Difference Between CBSE and SSC

The difference between CBSE and SSC is that while the Central Board of Secondary Education is regulated and administered by the central government of India, the responsibility for regulating the State Certificate of Secondary Education examination rests with the respective state governments. The study plans for each of these exams are formulated and regulated differently by the respective levels of the government boards that authorize them.

Course syllabus, exam patterns, and grading schemes are specified differently by each state under the SSC. While the CBSE board has a uniform exam pattern and curriculum that applies to all board-certified schools across the country.

Comparison Table Between CBSE and SSC




regulatory authority

The CBSE board is regulated by the central government of India.

The SSC board is regulated by the state governments of India.

full form

Central Board of Secondary Education.

State Secondary Certificate.

Authority for the formulation of the study program

The study plan is prepared by the National Council for Educational Research and Training.

The syllabus for the SSC exam is formulated by the state boards of education in each state of India.

English emphasis

English is the mode of instruction and the focus is on improving the communicative and literary use of the language.

English is often secondary in most SSC-affiliated schools, as regional languages ​​gain prominence.

Course Difficulty Levels

Harder courses than the SSC syllabus.

Simpler course structure.

Curriculum Approach

A holistic curriculum is created that places equal emphasis on learning and extracurricular activities.

The focus of the curriculum is on learning, and extracurricular activities are assessed as simple complementary additions.


The curriculum and curriculum are uniform throughout the country.

Curriculum and curriculum vary in each state.

Competitive advantage

CBSE is best suited to competitive exam aspirants.

Education from the SSC board may not help a child develop the competitive advantage necessary to excel on such tests.

What is CBSE?

CBSE connotes the Central Board of Secondary Education. The central government of India regulates it. CBSE schools are well-reputed for their distinctive focus on English proficiency and the provision of a well-rounded education to all students. The National Council specially designs the CBSE syllabus and Educational Research and Training syllabus.

The concentric curriculum of a CBSE-affiliated school is highly coveted for instilling in students a distinct competitive advantage. The uniformity of the course structure is maintained in all CBSE affiliated schools across the country. This is especially beneficial for students who have to relocate frequently.

The curriculum is designed to make learning fun for students while instilling a spirit of critical thinking. Therefore, the curriculum can often be described as more stringent than most state boards. CBSE is also famous among its international peers and gives students an edge to seek admission to colleges and universities abroad.

What is SSC?

State Secondary Certificate or SSC boards are controlled and regulated by the state governments of the different states of the Indian union. Each state’s state boards of education decide the curriculum structure and curriculum for SSC-affiliated schools in that state. The course material from SSC-affiliated schools is comparatively easier than other renowned boards in the country.

This makes courses in SSC schools lack uniformity. The absence of a concentric curriculum discourages many parents from making SSC schools their first choice. English is not pre-eminent in these schools. Additionally, the medium of instruction may be regional languages ​​in some states. These can be considered the drawbacks of the board.

The curriculum is educationally oriented. Learning assumes superiority over all other extracurricular activities. This can make it difficult to raise an exceptionally talented child. Besides, it can also make studying monotonous.

Main Differences Between CBSE and SSC

  1. The main difference between CBSE and SSC is that the central government of India regulates the former. In contrast, the latter is regulated and managed by the respective state governments of the Indian union.
  2. The full form of each abbreviation is considerably different. CBSE is the abbreviation used to connote Central Board of Secondary Education, while SSC stands for State Secondary Certification Examinations.
  3. The National Council formulates the CBSE syllabus for Educational Research and Training. The syllabus for the SSC exam is formulated by the state boards of education in each state of India.
  4. Extracurricular activities are not given the same importance at SSC-affiliated schools. Learning is the sole focus of the curriculum. CBSE schools place equal emphasis on the educational and extracurricular development of the child. CBSE schools create a holistic curriculum for students.
  5. The CBSE syllabus and board curriculum are uniform across the country. All schools affiliated with the board must adhere to the same clauses. While the SSC board curriculum and operating guidelines the curriculum varies from state to state. Each state government has considerable autonomy in shaping the structure of the SSC’s examination patterns.
  6. The mode of instruction at a CBSE school is usually English. The curriculum implemented in CBSE-certified schools emphasizes the effective learning of the English language and the mastery of communicative interaction using it. Whereas in the case of SSC board-certified schools, the mode of instruction may be English or regional languages. The state board curriculum does not place the same emphasis on learning communicative English.
  7. The evaluation of both curricula reveals that the CBSE curriculum is more difficult than the courses taught in-state public schools. In the first, a criticality-oriented learning approach is followed. Therefore, the exam questions can often vary from what is directly taught in the classes.
  8. CBSE is considered more suitable for those who aspire to sit for competitive exams. The course structure of these schools prepares students for such exams. At the same time, state boards may not be the perfect option for those aspiring to excel in competitive exams.


CBSE and SSC are highly reputable boards of education in India. Each board has its own set of strengths and weaknesses. Each board also presents different learning opportunities, as a different authority regulates the course structure.

The central government regulates the curriculum of the former, which is then applied uniformly in all affiliated schools throughout the country. However, state board rules, syllabus structure, syllabus, and exam patterns may vary because they depend on the board of education of each state in India. The state government is the regulatory authority for the latter.

However, CBSE has an undisputed advantage over the SSC board after extensive benchmarking. CBSE schools’ comprehensive curriculum with an emphasis on English makes them suitable for competitive examination aspirants. SSC schools emphasize learning, making it difficult to prepare a gifted child.

The final choice between the two rests with the parents. They may need to consider several factors before making a decision. CBSE may be the best option if the family is prone to frequent job-based transfers due to its uniform curriculum. However, SSC may be the best option if you want your child to focus solely on learning without extracurricular distractions.

Reference: Queens College


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