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Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana | PM | PMFBY | Details


Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana

Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana was launched by Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi on February 18, 2016. Its main purpose is to give good medicines for the farmers’ crop, to give them a good harvest of the crops, to give Rabi and to freshen up the crops of Kharif. Farmers have to pay only the premium of only 2 percent for Kharif crops and 1.5 percent for Rabi crops. A premium of annual commercial and horticultural crops will be 5%.
Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana Details
Parameters Details
Scheme Name Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY)
Launched by PM Shree Narendra Modi
Budget Not defined
Launch Date 18th February 2016
Motive Premium: 2% Kharif and 1.5% for Rabi
Target Protecting farmers from harm
Scope of Yojana Across India

Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana Objectives 

§  Providing insurance cover and financial support to farmers in the event of failure of any notified crop as a result of natural calamities, pesticides and diseases by farmers through this scheme.
§  To continue farming continuously to stabilize the income of farmers.
§  Encourage the farmers to adopt innovative and modern farming practices.
§  To ensure the flow of credit to the agriculture sector.
§  Special rebate on electricity bills if farmers suffer a loss on agriculture.


Highlights of the PMFBY

 

The only premium for only 2% by farmers for all kharif crops.

5% premium payment will be made for all Rabi crops.

In the case of annual commercial and horticultural crops, payment of premium paid by farmers will only be 5%.
The premium rates paid by farmers are very low and if the remaining premiums will be paid by the government to give full sum insured to the farmers in case of loss of crops due to natural calamities.
There is no upper limit on government subsidy even if the balance premium is 90%, it will be borne by the government for the farmers.

Earlier, there was provision for capping the premium rate, which gave fewer claims to the farmers. This capping was done to limit the government outgo on the premium subsidy. This capping has now been removed and the farmers will get the claim for the full sum insured without any shortage.
The use of technology will be encouraged to a great extent, in which the smartphones will be used to capture and upload harvesting data to reduce the delay in payment of claims to the farmers. Remote sensing will be used to reduce the number of harvesting experiments.
PMFBY is a replacement plan of NAIS / MNIIS, all the services included in the implementation of this scheme will be exempted from the service tax liability.

Through this new scheme, the government will ensure 75-80 per cent subsidy of an insurance premium for farmers, which will prove to be very helpful in improving the economic condition of the farmers and moving forward.

PMFBY Cover for Farmers 

During the season of insurable interest in the crop, the farmers are eligible for the crops given in the following area.
Mandatory coverage: Nomination under the scheme, subject to possession of insurable interest on the cultivation of notified area in the notified area, will be mandatory for the following categories of farmers:
In the notified area, farmers who have a Crop Loan Account / KCC Account (called Lender Farmer), who are cleared/renewed the credit limit for the crop notified during the crop season. And such other farmers, which the government may decide to include from time to time.

Voluntary coverage: Voluntary coverage can’t be obtained by all the above-given farmers, including the KCC / Crop Loan account holders, whose credit line has not been renewed.

Risks Covered under the PMFBY 

§  Yield losses (vertical crop) will be covered due to non-preventable risks such as natural fire and electricity, storm, slurry, Tempest, Troucoda. Flood, flood and landslide, dry, dry mantra, crop risk due to pest/disease will also be covered.
§  In such cases, where most insurers of notified area intend to sow / plant and expenditure for this purpose, due to adverse weather conditions, insured crops can be prevented from planting/planting, eligible for maximum compensation claims. Sum Assured of 25% of the amount
§  After the crop loss, coverage will be available for harvesting of those crops for a maximum period of 14 days, which are kept in the “cut and spread” condition to dry in the area.

§  There will also be loss/damage caused by fixed localized problems such as burglary, landslide, and waterways affecting separate farms in the notified area.

Unit of insurance 

§  This scheme will be implemented on ‘Regional Approach Basis’, i.e. for the scheduled calamities for each notified crop, which is defined as “notified area” for all the insured farmers for a crop, mainly due to the same risk There is a large scale production, the same cost of production per hectare, earns comparatively the agricultural income per hectare, And crop loss etc. due to the operation of the insured crisis in the notified area.
§  Defined area (i.e. the unit area of insurance) is Village/village Panchayat level which assesses the major crops in these areas and through this the farmers get compensation.
§  If there is a natural crisis (fire, flood, storm etc.) and for the risk of disasters and subsequent harvest loss, the unit of insurance for the loss assessment will be the affected area of the individual farmer.

Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana Calander

Activity Kharif Rabi
Loaning period (loan sanctioned) for Loanee
farmers covered on Compulsory basis.
April to July October to December
Cut-off date for receipt of Proposals of
farmers (loanee & non-loanee).
31-Jul 31st December
Cut-off date for receipt of yield data Within a month from
final harvest
Within a month from
final harvest
National Agricultural Insurance Scheme ( NAIS)

Government of India experimented with a comprehensive crop insurance scheme which failed. Then the Government of India introduced a new scheme called “National Agricultural Insurance Scheme” (NAIS) or “National Agricultural Insurance Scheme” (RKBY) in 1999-2000. In this plan, coverage of all food crops (cereals and pulses), oilseeds, horticulture and commercial crops has been envisaged. This includes all the farmers, both borrowers and non-debtors under the scheme. The premium amount for food crops is between 1.5% and 3.5%.
There are plans on the basis of NAIS
§  Regional approach-defined areas for each notified crop for widespread disasters.
§  On a personal basis – for local calamities like valleys, landslides, cyclones and floods

Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana Comparision with previous scheme

S.No
Feature
NAIS
[1999]
MNAIS
[2010]
PM Crop Insurance Scheme
1
Premium rate
Low
High
Lower than even NAIS (Govt to contribute 5 times that of farmer)
2
One Season – One Premium
Yes
No
Yes
3
Insurance Amount cover
Full
Capped
Full
4
On Account Payment
No
Yes
Yes
5
Localised Risk coverage
No
Hail storm, Land slide
Hail storm, Land slide, Inundation
6
Post Harvest Losses coverage
No
Coastal areas – for cyclonic rain
All India – for cyclonic + unseasonal rain
7
Prevented Sowing coverage
No
Yes
Yes
8
Use of Technology (for quicker settlement of claims)
No
Intended
Mandatory
9
Awareness
No
No
Yes (target to double coverage to 50%)

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